25 Years Since the AMIA Bombing: Latin America’s Deadliest Attack and the Implications for Today’s Counterterrorism Challenges


FDD and the Wilson Center will host a timely conversation to mark the 25th anniversary of the 1994 bombing of the AMIA Jewish community center in Buenos Aires. Eighty-five people were killed and hundreds wounded. Despite evidence of Iran and Hezbollah’s roles in the attack, to date, no one has been held accountable.

Ambassador Nathan Sales, Coordinator for Counterterrorism will deliver keynote remarks on the significance of the attack and continuing concerns regarding terrorist financing in the Western Hemisphere. Ambassador Fernando Oris de Roa, Argentina’s Ambassador to the United States, will also deliver remarks on the significance of the anniversary. An expert panel will follow, featuring Miguel Bronfman, the principal lawyer for AMIA; Daniel L. Glaser, former Treasury Assistant Secretary for Terrorist Financing and Financial Crimes; and Emanuele Ottolenghi, senior fellow at FDD. The conversation will be moderated by FDD’s senior vice president for government relations and strategy Toby Dershowitz. Opening remarks will be provided by senior advisor of the Wilson Center’s Latin American Program and director of the Wilson Center’s Argentina Project Benjamin Gedan.



Miguel Bronfman is an Argentine lawyer based in Buenos Aires, specializing in criminal and international law, and human rights. In 1998, he started to work in the criminal proceedings for the terrorist attack of July 18, 1994, against the AMIA, and since 2008, he has led the legal team that represents AMIA on every judicial proceeding related to the case. In 2009, he submitted the case before the Supreme Court and obtained a favorable ruling, re-opening the case and allowing further investigations. He also led the legal action against the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) related to the AMIA case that the Argentine government signed with the Islamic Republic of Iran in 2013. The MOU, after a two-year legal process, was deemed unconstitutional and thus was never in effect. Miguel has written articles and opinion columns on national and international media and has given lectures about the case and terrorism in his own country, in the United States, Canada, and Israel.


Toby Dershowitz is senior vice president for government relations and strategy at FDD. She has more than 30 years of experience in Washington, focusing on policy issues related to terrorism, cyber security, sanctions, the Middle East, and illicit networks in Latin America. Toby serves on the Board of Advisors of FDD’s Center on Economic and Financial Power (CEFP). Toby also serves on the Board of Advisors of FDD’s Center on Economic and Financial Power (CEFP). Her research focus includes tracking Iran’s global threat network and identifying points of leverage to counter Iran’s malign activities. She has written extensively on Iran’s role in the 1994 bombing of the AMIA Jewish community center in Buenos Aires, Argentina, a case whose investigation and subsequent developments continue to be important for policymakers and law enforcement.


Benjamin Gedan is a senior adviser to the Wilson Center’s Latin American Program and the director of its Argentina Project. He also serves as an adjunct professor at Johns Hopkins. He is a former South America director on the National Security Council at the White House. Previously, he was responsible for Honduras and Argentina at the U.S. Department of State, and covered Central America and the Caribbean as an international economist at the U.S. Department of the Treasury. As a journalist, he reported for The Boston GlobeThe Miami Herald and other publications. He is a term member of the Council on Foreign Relations. As a Latin America scholar, he has published opinion pieces in The Wall Street Journal, The Miami Herald, The Hill, and Foreign Policy and has been quoted by The New York Times, The Washington Post, CNN Money, Foreign Policy, and Bloomberg.


Daniel L. Glaser is a Principal with the Financial Integrity Network. Mr. Glaser served as Assistant Secretary for Terrorist Financing and Financial Crimes in the U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Office of Terrorism and Financial Intelligence from May 2011 through January 2017. As Assistant Secretary, he was responsible for helping to formulate and coordinate counterterrorist financing, anti-money laundering, sanctions and other counter-illicit finance policies and strategies within the Treasury Department and U.S. Government, and globally. Mr. Glaser led U.S. efforts to combat illicit finance through the establishment of both the U.S.-Mexico Public-Private Partnership and U.S.-GCC Public-Private Partnership. He served previously as Treasury’s Deputy Assistant Secretary for Terrorist Financing and Financial Crimes from November 2004 to May 2011. Mr. Glaser also served as the Head of the U.S. Delegation to the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) from 2001-2011, and served as co-chair of FATF’s International Cooperation Review Group from 2007-2017. Earlier in his career, he served as the inaugural Director of the Treasury Department’s Executive Office of Terrorist Financing and Financial Crimes and as Senior Counsel for Financial Crimes in the Treasury’s Office of the General Counsel. He also served as an attorney for the U.S. Secret Service. He currently serves on the Board of Advisors of FDD’s Center on Economic and Financial Power (CEFP).


Ambassador Fernando Oris de Roa assumed the position of Argentina’s Ambassador to the United States on January 24, 2018. He is a businessman and professional manager, profoundly interested in public administration. Amb. Oris de Roa began his career in 1970 with Continental Grain, a large trading company, and was stationed in the United States, Spain, Brazil, and Switzerland. In 1993, he led a group interested in purchasing a lemon producing and processing company which was facing financial difficulties, S.A. San Miguel. As Chief Executive, he has been widely credited with turning it into the world’s largest and most profitable lemon producing company. In 2004, Amb. Oris de Roa founded Avex, S.A., a poultry company in Río Cuarto, Córdoba. This greenfield created over one thousand jobs. He has been a Non-Executive Director of Orocobre Limited, the largest lithium operation in Argentina, since June 2010. He was Assistant Secretary for Investment, Government of the City of Buenos Aires, from 2016-2017.


Emanuele Ottolenghi is a senior fellow at FDD and an expert at FDD’s Center on Economic and Financial Power (CEFP) focused on Hezbollah’s Latin America illicit threat networks and Iran’s history of sanctions evasion. His research has examined Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, including its links to the country’s energy sector and procurement networks. His areas of expertise also include the EU’s Middle East policymaking, transatlantic relations, the Arab-Israeli conflict, and Israel’s domestic politics. Prior to joining FDD, he headed the Transatlantic Institute in Brussels and taught Israel Studies at St. Antony’s College, Oxford University. He is author of The Pasdaran: Inside Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard CorpsIran: The Looming Crisis, and Under a Mushroom Cloud: Europe, Iran and the Bomb. His columns have appeared in leading outlets including The Wall Street Journal, The New York Times, and London’s The Sunday Times.


Ambassador Nathan Sales is the Acting Under Secretary of State for Civilian Security, Democracy, and Human Rights. He oversees seven State Department bureaus and offices responsible for preventing and countering threats to civilian security, including terrorism, mass atrocities, and violations of human rights and the rule of law. He was sworn in on August 10, 2017 as the Coordinator for Counterterrorism with the rank and status of Ambassador-at-Large. Ambassador Sales leads the State Department’s Counterterrorism Bureau and serves as the principal adviser to the Secretary of State on international counterterrorism matters. Before joining the State Department, Ambassador Sales was a tenured law professor, teaching and writing in the fields of counterterrorism law, national security law, constitutional law, and administrative law. Ambassador Sales previously was Deputy Assistant Secretary for Policy at the Department of Homeland Security. Ambassador Sales also served at the Office of Legal Policy at the Department of Justice, where he worked on counterterrorism policy and judicial confirmations.